Funding for this research was provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01 HL133433, R01 HL141992)
Received: 11 September 2018
Accepted: 10 January 2019
First Online: 18 January 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Analysis of EHR-derived data was approved by the University of Pennsylvania Institutional Review Board under protocol 824789. A waiver of informed consent to analyze this de-identified data was obtained pursuant to 45 CRF 46.116(d). The NHANES was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the National Center for Health Statistics of the CDC. Informed consent was obtained from all NHANES participants.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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