Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-BFS-IO-12-00004)
Ministry of Education
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
South Korea Government
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-04-18
Received: 15 February 2017
Accepted: 4 April 2018
First Online: 18 April 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was conducted in accordance with the guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures involving human subjects. Ethics approval was obtained from the Ethical Board of the University of Bamako, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy, and Odonto-stomatology in Bamako, Mali. The objective of the study was explained to each participant to obtain written informed consent before any study participation. Informed consent was acquired from a legal guardian for participants under 16 years of age at the time of the study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.