Received: 8 July 2023
Accepted: 30 October 2023
First Online: 3 November 2023
: Ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, and the Performance Monitoring for Action Ethiopia (PMA-ET) dataset for research purposes. The PMA-ET is a nationally representative survey conducted by the Addis Ababa University School of Public Health; and the Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The data were accessed from PMA by requesting it through the website ExternalRef removed. Then, an authorization letter was received from PMA to download the PMA dataset. The data were used only for this study and it was not passed to other researchers. Written informed consent was obtained from participants before data collection. They were informed that participating in the study was voluntary and their right to withdraw from the study at any time during the interview was assured. Informed written consent was obtained from all caretakers whose children with age below 18 years old participated in the study. In this case, caretakers were the families of each student and were presented as caretakers. All data were treated as confidential and no personal or household identifiers were used in the survey. The IRB-approved procedures for PMA public-use datasets do not in any way allow respondents, households, or sample communities to be identified. Detailed information on ethical issues was found within the PMA report. All methods and materials were carried out under relevant guidelines and regulations.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare no competing interests.