Funding for this research was provided by:
U.S. Geological Survey
University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture Center for Wildlife Health
University of Tennessee Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Received: 21 November 2016
Accepted: 7 August 2017
First Online: 25 August 2017
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: We followed field decontamination protocols in accordance with the United States Fish and Wildlife Service WNS Decontamination Guidelines and recommendations by the state of Tennessee [CitationRef removed]. All capture and handling techniques were approved by the University of Tennessee Institute of Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC 2026–0514) and were consistent with the guidelines issued by the American Society of Mammalogists [CitationRef removed]. We obtained both federal (USFWS TE-71613A; GRSM-2013-SCI-1053; GRSM-2014-SCI-1053) and state (TWRA 3716; TDEC 2011–031) permits to capture and handle bats at winter hibernacula for this study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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