Funding for this research was provided by:
Ocean Park Conservation Foundation, Hong Kong
Sun Yat-sen University (17lgpy113)
Mississippi State University
U.S. Forest Service International Programs
Shaanxi science and technology plan projects (2013KW20)
Shaanxi Institute of Zoology
Los Angeles Zoo
Omaha Henry Doorly Zoo
Fort Worth Zoo
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-10-21
Received: 8 May 2019
Accepted: 16 September 2019
First Online: 21 October 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical treatment, handling and tracking of giant salamanders were approved by the Shaanxi Institute of Zoology animal research committee. The Fisheries Bureau of Shaanxi Province provided a permit for reintroduction of giant salamanders at both streams.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.