Funding for this research was provided by:
Greater Manchester Connected Health Cities funded by Department of Health and Social Care
Received: 5 February 2020
Accepted: 18 June 2020
First Online: 29 June 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: GH undertook the necessary checks (in accordance with guidelines provided by the National Research Ethics Service and the University of Manchester Research Ethics Committee) to confirm that the activities described here constituted public engagement and involvement and that ethical approval was not required. The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) INVOLVE organisation advises that “Members of the public actively involved in research are acting as specialist advisors, providing valuable knowledge and expertise based on their experience of a health condition or public health concern. Therefore ethical approval is not needed for the active involvement element of the research (even when people are recruited via the NHS), where people are involved in planning or advising on research, for example helping to develop a protocol, questionnaire or information sheet, being a member of an advisory group or co-applicant.” Forum members participated in data collection and analysis as public contributors and were paid for their time.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.