Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, KAKENHI (JP22659072)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP24659161, JP26670187)
AMED (JP19ck0106264, JP20ck0106545)
Smoking Research Foundation
Received: 7 July 2022
Accepted: 23 November 2022
First Online: 4 January 2023
: All procedures were performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, and the use of residual pathological tissues in this study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Hamamatsu University School of Medicine (G-260 and 20-110), Kanagawa Cancer Center, and the Ethical Committee of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu-Mures, Romania (agreement no. 124/28.07.2016).
: Not applicable for the subjects.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.