Funding for this research was provided by:
Federal Bureau of Investigation (DJF-16-1200-G-0006803 and DJF-17-1200-G-0007574)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-05
Received: 8 August 2018
Accepted: 20 February 2019
First Online: 5 April 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Use of human subjects in this study was approved by the FBI Institutional Review Board. Informed consent was obtained from all fingerprint examiners who participated.
: All images were selected from the FBI’s Universal Latent Workstation Ground Truth Dataset (ULW, CitationRef removed), which includes higher-resolution scans of the same images used in NIST’s Special Database 27 (NIST SD27, CitationRef removed). Both datasets have been publicly distributed for many years.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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