Funding for this research was provided by:
Arkansas State University (Faculty Development Fund)
Texas A and M University-San Antonio (President's Strategic Initiative Fund)
Received: 10 July 2019
Accepted: 19 December 2019
First Online: 28 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All data were collected in accordance with ethical guidelines as confirmed by the Institutional Review Board. The first study was approved by the Arkansas State University Institutional Review Board. The second and third studies were approved by the Texas A&M University-San Antonio Institutional Review Board.
: All pictured individuals presented in the example stimuli provided consent to use their likeness in this publication.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.