Funding for this research was provided by:
eCampus Ontario (RI-RYER03)
Received: 27 February 2018
Accepted: 11 May 2018
First Online: 30 July 2018
: Dr. Tony Bates is a Research Associate of Contact North, a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the G. Raymond Chang School of Continuing Education, Ryerson University, Toronto, and CEO of Tony Bates Associates Ltd., a private consulting company specializing in online and distance education.
: The author is a distinguished visiting professor at Ryerson University, which was also responsible for administering an $80,000 grant to the project. Ryerson University was one of the 203 institutions surveyed. There are no other competing interests of which I am aware. See above for list of organizations that funded the research.
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