Funding for this research was provided by:
Health Assessment Lab
Received: 15 February 2021
Accepted: 28 April 2021
First Online: 5 June 2021
: This research was approved as non-human subject research the by Boston University Medical Campus (BUMC) Institutional Review Board (H-37414).
: Not applicable.
: Dr. Shanafelt is co-inventor of the Well-being Index instruments and the Participatory Management Leadership Index. Mayo Clinic holds the copyright for these instruments and has licensed them for use outside of Mayo Clinic. Dr. Shanafelt receives a portion of any royalties paid to Mayo Clinic. All other authors declare that they have no competing interests.