Funding for this research was provided by:
Population Council (A1247)
Received: 9 November 2019
Accepted: 15 September 2020
First Online: 13 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Research Ethics Committee at Assiut University, Egypt, with reference no. 17300343 dated 18 May 2018. Procedures for the protection of participant confidentiality were observed. No personal identifiers were recorded on the questionnaires; identification code numbers were used instead. Information revealed by MAG was not shared with their families or members of their community. Access to research data was limited to the research staff. Due to the conservative nature of Egyptian society, especially in rural Upper Egypt, approval of an older person (e.g., head of household, mother/mother-in-law) was needed before interviewing the MAG. Permission of the guardian was sought before that of the MAG; however, the latter was notified that she was free to decline even if her guardian had agreed.
: No individual details, images, or videos were included in the manuscript.
: No conflict of interest.