Received: 13 December 2021
Accepted: 28 February 2022
First Online: 18 March 2022
: Because the NSQIP data is de-identified, this study was exempt from institutional review board (IRB) approval of the NYU Langone Health ethical committee.
: Not applicable.
: R.S. reports grants and personal fees from Smith & Nephew and Intelijoint and stock or stock options from Gauss Surgical and PSI. All other authors declare that they do not have any competing interests.