Funding for this research was provided by:
UK Research and Innovation Global Challenges Research Fund (ES/S008101/1)
Complexity in Health Improvement Program of the Medical Research Council UK (MC_UU 12017/14)
European Research Council (No. 737476 and No. 771468)
National Research Foundation of South Africa (118571)
Received: 22 September 2020
Accepted: 12 October 2020
First Online: 7 December 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics committee approval for the SUPER project was granted by the Department of Social Policy and Intervention at the University of Oxford (SPICUREC1a_20_015) and University of Cape Town (PSY2017-040). Country-specific ethics approvals were obtained by the implementation partners in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Montenegro, Haiti, South Sudan, Tanzania, Eswatini and by research partners in the Czech Republic, India, Kenya, North Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Philippines, and Thailand.
: Not applicable.
: Cluver, Ward, Lachman, Hutchings, and Gardner were involved in the development of the PLH programs. Shenderovich, Lachman, and Wessels worked on the PLH trials in South Africa and based their doctoral work on these. The work of Cluver, Shenderovich, Wessels, Ward, Lachman, Okop, Sacolo-Gwebu, and Gardner is partly funded by the UKRI GCRF Accelerating Achievement for Africa’s Adolescents Hub. The work of Lachman has been supported by a GCRF Centre Hub Grant. The work of Cluver, Shenderovich, Wessels, Ward, Lachman, Gardner, Hutchings, and Janowski has been partly funded by grants under the European Research Council’s Horizon 2020 program. The work of Lachman, Ward, and Gardner has also been partly funded by UNICEF Thailand, the work of Hutchings and Lachman by UNICEF Montenegro, and the work of Hutchings, Lachman, Ward, and Gardner by UNICEF Philippines. Further, Lachman is the former Executive Director of Clowns Without Borders South Africa and receives income as a PLH Trainer. Ngcobo is Co-Director of Clowns Without Borders South Africa. Ward reports grants from the National Research Foundation of South Africa and the World Childhood Foundation. Janowski reports a scholarship from the University of Cape Town. Hutchings receives occasional income as a PLH Trainer.