Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (52078383, 52008314)
Independent subject of State Key Lab of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering (SLDRCE19-B-11)
Received: 26 September 2022
Accepted: 7 November 2022
First Online: 30 December 2022
: Lin Zhao is an editorial board member for Advances in Bridge Engineering and was not involved in the editorial review, or the decision to publish, this article. The author(s) declared no potential conficts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. Advances in Bridge Engineering.