Funding for this research was provided by:
National Key Research and Development Plan Program (2019YFE0119800)
Received: 14 September 2022
Accepted: 14 November 2022
First Online: 8 December 2022
: Zhao Liu is an editorial board member for Advances in Bridge Engineering and was not involved in the editorial review, or the decision to publish, this article. All authors declare that there are no competing interests.