Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (51925808, U1934209)
Tencent (XPLORER PRIZE 2021)
Received: 23 December 2022
Accepted: 31 January 2023
First Online: 22 February 2023
: Xuhei He is an editorial board member for Advances in Bridge Engineering and was not involved in the editorial review, or the decision to publish, this article. All authors declare that there are no competing interests.