Funding for this research was provided by:
National Key Research and Development Program of China (2022YFC3005301, 2022YFC3005302, 2022YFC3004105)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (52078383, 52008314, 52108469)
Received: 3 May 2023
Accepted: 20 June 2023
First Online: 4 July 2023
: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. Advances in Bridge Engineering.