Funding for this research was provided by:
Conseil de recherche en sciences humaines du Canada (872-2016-0011)
Received: 16 May 2019
Accepted: 23 December 2019
First Online: 27 February 2020
Compliance with ethical standards
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
: This scoping review was approved by the Ethics Review Board of the <i>Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue</i> (2016-11) and the <i>Comité d’éthique de la recherche du Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de l’Estrie – Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke (CIUSSS de l’Estrie-CHUS)</i> (ref. 2017-1441, 2017-08-LSH), as well as by the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission (FNQLHSSC). Written informed consent describing the aim of the project and the nature of the participation was obtained from all participants who took part in the coffee meetings. Moreover, this scoping review follows the ethical principles of the Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies (ACUNS) and the Aboriginal Ways Tried and True (Association of Canadian Universities for Northern Studies [ACUNS] CitationRef removed; Public Health Agency of Canada [PHAC] CitationRef removed). These principles refer to culturally relevant processes related to community basis, holistic approach, integration of Indigenous cultural knowledge, building on community strengths and needs, partnership, collaboration, and demonstrated effectiveness. The review also honours the principles of research ethics with Indigenous people centred on respect, justice, valuing cultural competences, intersectoral collaboration, and empowerment (Centre des Premières Nations CitationRef removed; Wilson CitationRef removed). A position of cultural humility characterizes the methodological choices made. The research team wanted to value Indigenous voices, traditional knowledge, values, and beliefs. Throughout the study, a learner rather than an expert position was taken in order to aim for equality rather than a hierarchical relationship, to criticize one’s own cultural biases in order to demonstrate openness to Indigenous epistemologies, ontologies, and axiologies and to avoid any colonialist or imperialist attitude (Asselin and Basile CitationRef removed; National Association of Friendship Centres [NAFC] CitationRef removed; Assembly of First Nations of Quebec and Labrador [AFNQL] CitationRef removed). To overcome the limitations of systematic methods, this work was based on constructivist theories, including gray literature and Indigenous sources (L’Écuyer CitationRef removed). Through the inclusion of Indigenous representatives, the research team recognized mutuality in the transmission and acquisition of knowledge between Indigenous peoples and the academic community (Asselin and Basile CitationRef removed; Assembly of First Nations of Quebec and Labrador [AFNQL] CitationRef removed).